Increased Precautions We're Taking in Response to COVID-19
As updates on the impact of the coronavirus continue to be released, we want to take a moment to inform you of the heightened preventative measures we have put in place at Life Center of Galax to keep our patients, their families, and our employees safe. All efforts are guided by and in adherence to the recommendations distributed by the CDC.

Please note that for the safety of our patients, their families, and our staff, on-site visitation is no longer allowed at Life Center of Galax.

  • This restriction has been implemented in compliance with updated corporate and state regulations to further reduce the risks associated with COVID-19.
  • We are offering visitation through telehealth services so that our patients can remain connected to their loved ones.
  • Alternate methods of communication for other services are being vetted and may be offered when deemed clinically appropriate.

For specific information regarding these changes and limitations, please contact us directly.

CDC updates are consistently monitored to ensure that all guidance followed is based on the latest information released.

  • All staff has received infection prevention and control training.
  • Thorough disinfection and hygiene guidance has been provided.
  • Patient care supplies such as masks and hand sanitizer are being monitored and utilized.
  • Temperature and symptom screening protocols are in place for all patients and staff.
  • Social distancing strategies have been implemented to ensure that patients and staff maintain proper distance from one another at all times.
  • Cleaning service contracts have been reviewed for additional support.
  • Personal protective equipment items are routinely checked to ensure proper and secure storage.
  • CDC informational posters are on display to provide important reminders on proper infection prevention procedures.
  • We are in communication with our local health department to receive important community-specific updates.

The safety of our patients, their families, and our employees is our top priority, and we will remain steadfast in our efforts to reduce any risk associated with COVID-19.

The CDC has provided a list of easy tips that can help prevent the spread of the coronavirus.

  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue and then immediately dispose of the tissue.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Clean and disinfect objects and surfaces that are frequently touched.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
  • Stay home when you are sick, except to get medical care.

For detailed information on COVID-19, please visit https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/index.html

Cocaine Addiction Signs & Symptoms

Understanding Cocaine Addiction

Learn about cocaine addiction & abuse

Cocaine is a powerful and addictive stimulant with effects that include intense, yet brief, increases in energy, confidence, alertness and mood. Cocaine, which is also commonly referred to as coke, blow, or crack, is most commonly abused by snorting the drug in powder form or smoking it in crystal or “rock” form. Both forms of cocaine abuse elicit similar sensations, though smoking the drug or inhaling its fumes can produce a more intense initial high.

When a person ingests cocaine, the stimulant prompts the central nervous system to release a flood of dopamine, a neurotransmitter that is associated with pleasure and motivation, and then blocks the body’s ability to reabsorb the dopamine. This causes the initial rush that can occur almost immediately after a person ingests cocaine, and is also responsible for the dramatic crash or drop in energy and mood that can occur once the initial positive effect wears off. Depending upon the potency of the cocaine that a person is using, as well as his or her tolerance for the drug, the initial pleasurable effect of cocaine can begin to dissipate within a few minutes, which often prompts individuals to abuse the drug multiple times in rapid succession.

In addition to risking a wide range of negative physical effects, including sudden death due to cocaine’s impact on the heart, people who abuse cocaine also put themselves in danger of becoming addicted. Known clinically as stimulant use disorder, cocaine addiction can have a catastrophic impact on virtually all areas of a person’s life, and can be extremely difficult to overcome without proper professional intervention.

Thankfully, cocaine addiction is a treatable condition. At Life Center of Galax, we have considerable experience working with men and women whose lives have been disrupted by cocaine addiction, and we have developed effective cocaine addiction treatment programming that has helped many individuals overcome the compulsion to abuse cocaine and resume their pursuit of healthier, drug-free futures.

Statistics

Cocaine abuse statistics

The American Psychiatric Association (APA) reports that the annual prevalence of stimulant use disorder among Americans ages 12 and above is about 0.2 percent of the population. The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) estimates that about 0.6 percent of the U.S. population, or about 1.5 million Americans, have used cocaine at least once in the previous 30 days. NIDA also reports that the highest prevalence of past-month cocaine abuse is found among young adults ages 18 to 25, with about 1.4 percent of this demographic group having abused cocaine in the previous 30 days.

The Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN), which monitors drug-related visits to emergency rooms and hospital-affiliated urgent care facilities, reports that about 40 percent of drug-related ER visits involve the abuse of cocaine.

Causes & Risks

Causes and risk factors for cocaine abuse

A person’s risk for abusing and becoming cocaine dependent may be influenced by a variety of genetic and environmental factors, including but not limited to the following:

Genetic: People whose first-degree relatives, such as siblings or parents, who struggle with substance abuse are more likely to have a similar problem than is someone whose family history does not include drug problems. Also, individuals who inherit certain personality traits, such as impulsivity, also have elevated risk for stimulant use disorder.

Environmental: Prenatal exposure to cocaine can significantly increase a person’s risk for stimulant use disorder. Other environmental influences include growing up in an unstable household, especially one in which one’s parents abuse cocaine, and being exposed to violence at a young age.

Risk Factors:

  • Personal or family history of substance abuse
  • Personal or family history of mental illness
  • Poor parental oversight
  • Early exposure to substance abuse
  • Early exposure to violence
  • Living or working in a high-stress environment
  • Impulsivity
Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of cocaine abuse

The following are among the more common signs and symptoms that may indicate cocaine abuse or addiction:

Behavioral symptoms:

  • Acting with increased energy
  • Reckless and risky behaviors
  • Borrowing or stealing money
  • Lying about whereabouts, associates, and activities
  • Trying but failing to curtail one’s cocaine abuse

Physical symptoms:

  • Rapid heart rate
  • Elevated body temperature
  • High blood pressure
  • Loss of appetite
  • Energy bursts
  • Lack of need for sleep
  • Insomnia
  • Dilated pupils
  • Runny nose
  • Persistent nosebleeds
  • Excessive perspiration

Cognitive symptoms:

  • Poor decision-making capabilities
  • Euphoria
  • Overabundance of confidence
  • Restlessness
  • Irritability
  • Psychosis

Psycho-social symptoms:

  • Inability to feel pleasure
  • Mood swings
  • Agitation
  • Irritability
  • Depression
  • Withdrawal
Effects

Effects of cocaine abuse

Chronic untreated cocaine abuse can expose an individual to considerable damage, including but not limited to the following negative effects and outcomes:

  • Family discord
  • Academic failure
  • Substandard occupational performance
  • Job loss and unemployment
  • Arrest and incarceration
  • Financial problems
  • Withdrawal or ostracization
  • Suicidal ideation
  • Heart attack
  • Breathing problems
  • Hypertension
  • Liver damage
  • Kidney damage
  • Stroke
  • Cognitive impairments
Co-Occurring Disorders

Cocaine abuse & co-occurring disorders

People who have developed an addiction to cocaine may also be at risk for the following co-occurring mental health disorders:

  • Other substance use disorders
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • Depressive disorders
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Schizo-affective disorder
  • Borderline personality disorder (BPD)

Galax really helped me when I needed help with my cocaine addiction. It's a great place and the staff really cares.

– Mary
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